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“Few people are unaware of the magnitude of sport as a global industry, with revenues larger than China’s military budget or the nominal GDP of more than two-thirds of the world’s countries,” leads Transparency International's Press Release.
The release continues, “Almost all of us play a part in it as participants, spectators or taxpayers. And yet, despite its rude financial health, sport’s relevance as a symbol of fair play today hangs in the balance.”
On 9 April, 2015 Transparency International announced a new Corruption in Sport Initiative aimed at providing space for analysis, commentary and recommendations aimed at strengthening transparency in sport. Read more about Transparency International’s new ‘Corruption in Sport Initiative’.
The first article published on-line by Transparency International in the Global Corruption Report: Sport titled “Why are countries taking so long to act on match-fixing?”, describes match-fixing as a pandemic that is transnational and is linked to criminal activities, organised crime and money-laundering. There has been, however, a failure to recognise the threat that match-fixing poses not just to sport but to the society at large. Most countries have identified loopholes in their civil and criminal laws, which allow organised crime to thrive and hamper the efforts of law enforcement agencies and judicial authorities to combat match fixing at national and international levels.
Individual states have acknowledged that they cannot tackle the problem in isolation and they need a concerted effort with other countries and regional and international sport organisations. At present, however, very few countries have implemented measures involving the main stakeholders.
The article's author, Kevin Carpenter, a sports lawyer based in London, acknowledges in his article that there are three countries in the world that have established and implemented national action plans either in response to match-fixing scandals or for the prevention of corruption in sport. These countries are Norway, Australia and New Zealand.
As TINZ Director, Josehine Serrallach, says, “Once again New Zealand is among the top countries leading the world in preventing corruption. Sport NZ should be congratulated by its efforts towards coordinating all relevant parties to find effective ways of preventing match-fixing in the country, launching a national match-fixing policy, establishing a cross-government group, carrying out research and providing education programmes and anti-match-fixing on-line courses.”