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Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is the leading global indicator of public sector corruption. Several results for 2014 and 2015 have recently been corrected by the Transparency International Secretariat to adjust for errors discovered in auditing of past CPI results.
As a result, New Zealand's CPI 2015 score was raised from ‘88’ to ‘91’ with resultant improved global ranking from 4th place to 1st equal with Denmark.
In a recent announcement to its national Chapters, it was stated: “Transparency International is aware of the CPI's importance to our movement's overall reputation and aspire to the highest standards of accuracy. We have conducted a thorough review of all 2012 to 2016 CPIs. We have also changed our quality control process. We are confident that there are no further errors in these CPIs.” For more please see Transparency International's public media release.
An early warning to New Zealand’s forthcoming government was a key conclusion of the 2016 CPI in January.
Although New Zealand again ranked first equal with Denmark, the warning is: “This year’s results highlight the connection between corruption and inequality, which feed off each other to create a vicious circle between corruption, unequal distribution of power in society, and unequal distribution of wealth. The interplay of corruption and inequality also feeds populism. When traditional politicians fail to tackle corruption, people grow cynical.”
See Oxfam’s article in this newsletter about the new measure of inequality, the CRI. New Zealand’s poor showing in this index suggests we are at risk of increased corruption from within.
New Zealand’s second Fraud Film Festival will bring the issue of fraud, and other forms of financial crimes, alive through the medium of film. To demonstrate the far-reaching impacts of fraud and the various guises it comes in, the festival is focused on a variety of topics. Last year these included dishonesty, tax fraud, investigative journalism and corruption in sports.
Check the Fraud Film Festival website for updates.
Lecturer in Health and Physical Education
Victoria University of Wellington
Sport has traditionally been presented as a positive force in society, a means to integrate diverse fractions, to generate peace and of developing “good character”.
How true then are the claims that sport acts as a catalyst for moral development and has the ability to turn around people’s lives? There is little doubt that sport has been successful in many occasions in guiding participants towards better futures. What is also clear, however, is that participation in sport does not automatically lead to positive outcomes or that when positive experiences do occur in sport they are necessarily transferred to other area of the participant’s lives
The veracity of the belief that sport is good for participants was examined by Clarke (2012) who interviewed young men incarcerated in New Zealand prisons. She suggested that their experiences of rugby and rugby league had led to the boys being dehumanised and more willing to be involved in physical acts against others out in society. That sport participation was an active ingredient in the mix that led these young men into incarceration is sobering to contemplate. Her thesis titled “Stepping off the court and into court” directly challenges the narrative that participation in sport is a good thing and warns of the potential for negative socialisation occurring through sporting involvement.
The degree to which sport actually achieves positive socialization is impossible to identify. It largely depends on what occurs in the name of sport and how participants experience the process. What does appear clear is that sports status is such that it often remains unexamined and unchallenged in its goodness. As a consequence the degree which sport can be a positive force for good in society is reduced and unintended harm can occur.