Corruption Perceptions Index
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) ranks countries "by their perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys."
About the Corruption Perceptions Index
Produced annually by Transparency
International the CPI ranks countries on a scale from 100 (very clean) to 0 (highly corrupt) based
on external surveys and assessments from 13 reputable international
organizations. The CPI measures perception of corruption due to the
difficulty of measuring absolute levels of corruption.
First released in 1995, it is the best known of TI's tools. It has been widely credited with putting TI and the issue of corruption on the international policy agenda.
New Zealand CPI
The Index has consistently shown New Zealand as a country with low levels of
corruption in its public sector. Since its inception, the country
has always scored in the 98th percentile, with a score of 90 in 2012, and ranks either at the top or within the top three
countries in the world.
The CPI focus is on corruption of public officials and
What Factors Cause New Zealand to Rank Consistently at the Top of the CPI?
The TINZ 2013 Integrity Plus
National Integrity System Assessment provides insight into
the strengths of New Zealand's institutions and their contribution to our corruption intolerant society.
Factors that contribute to New Zealand's strength include:
- Historic leadership in human rights such as universal suffrage since
- Merit-based public service originating with the Public Service Act 1912.
- The strong role played by the Ombudsman and Auditor General
- Strong and enforceable code of law
- A well educated population
Risks to New Zealand's Historic Strong CPI
There are a number of factors that could lead to
increased levels of corruption in New Zealand and a lower international perception.
- Complacency and lack of awareness
- Changing trading patterns
- Lack of controls in the massive Christchurch recovery effort
Note: There is a highly significant correlation between real gross domestic
product per capita and CPI ranking; New Zealand is an exception with a
markedly lower GDP/Capita.
Benefits of Low Corruption
- Low corruption leads to a higher quality of life by ensuring proper use
- Economic benefits accrue because:
- High trust reduces business contracting costs
- Project cost risk is reduced because bribe and facilitation payments are
- Surveys indicate that individuals and businesses will pay premium prices
to trade with ethical partners
Previous Articles and Reports
Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 New Zealand has fallen to fourth place in the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI). This is its second consecutive drop in a survey it has previously topped with the corruption-free reputation of its public sector. 25 Jan, 2016
Corruption Perceptions Index 2013 For 2013 Denmark and New Zealand tie for first place in Transparency International's annual Global Corruption Perceptions Index due to perceptions that their public sectors have the lowest levels of corruption. 3 Dec, 2013
2012 Corruption Perceptions Index The 2012 CPI places Denmark, Finland and New Zealand in a tie for first place helped by strong access to information systems and rules governing the behaviour of those in public positions. 5 Dec, 2012
CPI 2007 Article - New Zealand still tops the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 26 Sep, 2007
Defence Inquiry Media Release
Transparency needed to support the integrity of our Defence Force 2 Apr, 2017
Corruption Perceptions Index 2016 TINZ media release
Transparency International’s 2016 Corruption Perception Index (TI CPI) has found that the New Zealand and Denmark public sectors are the least corrupt in the world. 25 Jan, 2017
TINZ OGP Submission
Transparency International New Zealand (TINZ) submitted recommendations for New Zealand’s second Open Government Partnership (OGP) National Action Plan (NAP). Among the recommendations were a call for more ambition in creating NAPs and developing channels of communication for improving engagement with citizens. 19 Aug, 2016